Constipation is a condition of the digestive system where a person has hard faeces that are difficult to expel. In most cases, this happens because the colon has absorbed an excessive amount of water from the food that is in the colon. The slower the food moves through the gastrointestinal tract, the more water the colon will absorb from it. Consequently, the faeces become dry and hard when this happens to empty the bowels can become very painful. It usually results from not getting enough exercise, not drinking enough water, or from a diet that doesn’t include an adequate amount of fibre-rich foods like beans bran cereals fruits raw vegetables rice, and whole-grain bread.
Other causes include anal fissure or a tear or crack and a lining of the anus. Chronic kidney failure colon or rectal cancer, depression, hypercalcemia, abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood, hypothyroidism underactive thyroid gland, illness is requiring complete bed rest, irritable bowel syndrome, and stress.
Signs and symptoms of Constipation
The main symptoms of constipation are increased difficulty and straining when passing stools. Passing fewer stools than usual can be a sign of constipation. Other symptoms include stomach ache, stomach cramps, feeling bloated and nauseous, losing appetite.
1. Infrequent stools
In a study of 178 children with constipation in Iowa, 58% had < 3 bowel movements per week, and in another study, 41.3% of children with symptoms of constipation were found to have infrequent stools. Children less than two years of age had constipation with signs of the passage of hard or pebble-like stools with straining, withholding, or painful defecation.
Individuals may present with pain in the abdomen and during defaecation. Non-specific abdominal pain has been reported in 33% of children with constipation in one study. So, painful defaecation occurs when children complain of pain or scream during or on anticipation of stools, observed in up to 68% of children with constipation. They may pass blood with stools.
Causes of constipation
Eighty percent of all cases of constipation can be corrected by diet alone. it Must appear that this high percentage of cases results from improper foods or eating habits.
common causes of constipation are:-
- Lack of exercise
- Low fibre intake
- Indigestible Foods
- Vitamin Deficiency
- Sugars and Starches in Excess
- Deficiency of Fats
- Protein Excess
Constipation in children
Why do children have constipation, and what can you do to correct it? Sometimes constipation appears as large. Hard stools that some children suffer for going out last for a few days or weeks. Some children with constipation between regular bowel movements have bowel every day. It can cause a lot of other symptoms, especially abdominal pain, nausea or appetite, soiling or poo accidents, blood in the stool and even bladder infections.
Every child is different, and not all children show apparent signs. Most often, the problem starts when a child is very young. Sometimes even less than one year old. What happens first is at a child passes the painful bowel movement; the child’s response is to hold the next poo in as long as possible. To avoid any more pain since the colon is always sucking the water out of the poo inside.
The longer a poo is held in, the bigger and more challenging it gets. When the next poo finally comes out, it hurts even worse. So, the child has the next poo in even longer. This makes the next poo even more significant and even more painful. This is the cycle of constipation, developing a habit of holding poo and creates a considerable problem.
Constipation in pregnancy
A lot of women suffer from constipation during pregnancy time. It is estimated that almost 50% to 60% of people, when they get pregnant, have to deal with constipation, which is very annoying. This is one of the earliest and the common symptoms which comes along with nausea and vomiting. Constipation is something that you have to deal with all through the pregnancy.
So, today we’re going to discuss the top 5 tips to manage constipation. We are also going to discuss why it is that you land up with constipation in pregnancy. Are there any significant risks or complications associated with constipation in pregnancy?
The hormonal changes like progesterone, which is a high amount, impact your gut’s motility, leading to the slow movement of the bowels during pregnancy. The efficiency of your gut has increased during pregnancy. But the downside is that everything you eat, most of it will get absorbed, utilized, taken, and stored for your baby and yourself during pregnancy. So, if there’s nothing left, how will you pass the bowels? And that is why constipation is prevalent during pregnancy.
So, reduce mortality, absorption, and hormonal changes; all these factors are the central problem of constipation during pregnancy.
Five tips to cure constipation during pregnency
1. Adding fiber to your diet
So, a diet rich in fibers, for example, leafy vegetables, fruits, and other things you can have in your diet. You can take around 20 – 25g of fiber-rich foods each day. By consuming fiber-rich food, you will find easy passes of stool the next morning.
2. Drink 2-3 liters of water
In the morning, a couple of glasses of water will massively help you. It helps in creating motility in the gut. So, many people say that a couple of glasses of warm water in the morning has helped them in overcoming constipation. You should drink at least 2-3 litres of water in a day so that your bowel movement is working correctly.
3. Avoid some medication
If there is anaemia, then it may be one of the reasons which can cause reduced motility and more constipation. So, check with your doctor and if you need to correct that and whether you need it or you want to change your vitamins and minerals at that time.
4. Change your lifestyle
Well, I know doing exercise during pregnancy is not an easy job. A little bit of activities and a bit of movement helps you. So, walking, some low-intensity yoga will help you. Cycling also helps you for enhancing your gut motility and thereby helping you to pass motions.
5. Don’t overthink much about your bowel movement
It’s not necessary that you supposed to pass motions every day. The passing of motions depends on the number of residual fibres which has been left behind. So don’t be scared if you’re not past motions in the morning when you get up because that fear and that disturbance leads to discomfort and you know irritability and restlessness which is more troublesome. Meet your doctor, improve your lifestyle, improve your dietary pattern, have lots of fluid and get yourself checked for ruling out.
Home remedies for constipation
1. Figs with milk
It helps to make your stool softer. If you’ve never eaten figs, you’re missing out on one of the best food for constipation in children. Figs are an excellent source of fibre. When taken with a glass of milk, they stimulate the bowels and make passage of stools easier and less strenuous. Make sure you offer figs with milk to your kid before he retires to bed.
2. Take Fiber rich foods
Whole grains are rich in protein and fibre that are good food for constipation in children and good for your body, especially your digestive system. You can add it to your morning cereal or make it plain with a glass of water. The fibre content in flaxseed is not just useful in fighting constipation.
3. Add Guava
Guava is also a rich source of vitamin C, which boosts immunity and keeps the digestive system in
check. Regular consumption of guava is one of the best ways to prevent and treat constipation in kids
4. Aloe vera gel
Aloe very gel is thought to have mild laxative properties that stimulate the evacuation of bowels
naturally. Just around a tablespoon of fresh aloe vera pulp taken twice a day can show effective results.
Spinach isn’t just rich in iron and magnesium; it is literally packed with essential properties that cleanse and rebuild the intestinal tract.
Treatment for chronic constipation usually begins with diet and lifestyle changes meant to increase the speed at which stool moves through your intestines. If those changes don’t help, your doctor may recommend medications or surgery.
Diet and lifestyle changes can affect your constipation
Your doctor may recommend the following changes to relieve your constipation.
- Increase your fiber intake, adding fiber to your diet increases the weight of your stool and speeds its passage through your intestines.
- Slowly begin to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables each day.
- Choose whole-grain bread and cereals.
- Exercise most days of the week. such as physical exercise. Physical activity increases muscle activity and your intestines.
- Don’t ignore the urge to have a bowel movement take your time in the bathroom.
- Allowing yourself enough time to have a bowel movement without distractions and without feeling rushed.
Several types of laxatives exist. Each works somewhat differently to make it easier to have a bowel movement. The following are available over-the-counter.
- fiber supplements
- Stimulants – stimulants caused your intestines to contract
- Osmotics – osmotic laxatives help fluids move through the colon.
- Lubricants – such as mineral oil a naval stool to move through your colon more easily.
- Stool softeners – stool softeners moisten the stool by drawing water from the intestines.
- enemas and suppositories – sodium phosphate or fleet soap suds or tap water enemas can be useful to soften stool and produce a bowel movement.
Surgery may be an option if you have tried other treatments and your chronic constipation is caused by a blockage, rectal seal, anal fissure, or stricture.